Menstrual cramps can be really uncomfortable and painful, but they do happen for a reason. During your period, your uterus contracts — meaning it squeezes or cramps up. This makes the lining come off the walls of your uterus and leave your body. When your uterus cramps up, it’s helping the period blood flow out of your vagina. Menstrual cramps can be painful and irritating, but they’re super common and there are lots of ways to treat them.
What helps with cramps?
There are a few ways to help ease cramps:
1.Take over-the-counter pain medicine like ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen (Aleve), or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Always follow the instructions on the bottle. Talk with your doctor before taking pain medication if you have an allergy to aspirin or severe asthma.
3.Put a heating pad on your belly or lower back.
4.Take a hot bath.
5.Use hormonal birth control (like the pill, patch, ring, implant, and hormonal IUD).
Cramps are a pretty normal part of getting your period, but sometimes people have period cramps that are so painful it’s hard to do everyday things (like go to school or work). If your period pain is really bad, and over-the-counter medicine doesn’t help, talk with your doctor. They can help with other ways to manage the pain, or they may want to check to see if there’s something more serious going on.
Cramps that are really bad may be a sign of:
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease — an infection in your reproductive organs.
Endometriosis — a condition where the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterus.
Adenomyosis — when the tissue that lines your uterus grows into the muscle wall of your uterus.
Uterine fibroids — non-cancerous tumors that grow inside your uterus, in the walls of your uterus, or on the outside of your uterus.
Cramps caused by these conditions may start when you’re older. And they might get worse as time passes. They can also last longer than other cramps or last longer than the last day of your period. If you have super bad cramps that you can’t treat, or other period symptoms that are hard to deal with, call your doctor.
By: Dammy Eneli
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